Author Topic: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid  (Read 6769 times)

Offline Ts4EVER

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The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« on: 24-07-2012, 21:07:56 »
The history of Forgotten Hope 2

In this series we will be taking a look at the history of some of the battles that served as an inspiration for FH2 maps, starting with Sdi Bou Zid from the last patch.



The battle of Sidi Bou Zid, or Operation "Frühlingswind" as the Germans called it, took place on February 14th 1943. At that point the Axis position in North Africa was threatened on 2 fronts. Rommel believed he could push the Allies out of Tunisia by splitting his force: His mobile troops would counter attack the Americans and French advancing from the west, while the rest of his troops would hold the Mareth Line against the 8th British Army in the east.



Sidi Bou Zid was defended by elements of the US 34th Infantry Division and Combat Command A of the 1st Armored Division. Parts of these forces formed "Lessouda Force", taking up defensive positions north-east of the town. This force conisted of tanks, artillery and tank destroyers.

The Germans assigned the task of taking Sidi Bou Zid to the 21st and 10th Panzer Divisions. The 10th Panzer, attacking from the north-east, organized two Kampfgruppes, called Gerhard and Reimann after their commanders. Kampfgruppe Reimann was to attack Lessouda force and then advance on Sidi Bou Zid. It consisted of the 86th Panzer Grenadier Regiment, a platoon of 88mm guns and a company of Tigers.
21st Panzer attacked from the south, split into Kampfgruppes Stenkhoff and Schuette, each about a bataillon of tanks strong.



When the attack started in the morning of the 14th, things soon went awry for the Americans. A pre-planned artillery barrage on the German approach near Lessouda could not be called in, because all communications with the first outposts was lost. Reinforcements sent to clarify the situations found Poste de Lessouda already in German hands and were destroyed. The Americans were forced to withdraw southwestward.
The forces in Sidi itself were subjected to heavy Stuka attack.

Things didn't go better in the south. Company A was destroyed and captured with all vehicles and the advance of Kampfgruppe Schuette threatened to encircle the defenders in the town. In the afternoon, the US troops began their withdrawal from Sidi Bou Zid. Colonel Kern of the 6th Armoured Infantry Regiment used his forces and a company of light tanks to establish a fallback position at a crossroads north-west of the town. By night-fall, Sidi Bou Zid was in German hands, with all the Americans either having withdrawn or occupying isolated positions on the surrounding hills.



The Allies launched a counter attack early in the morning of the 15th, consisting of Combat Command C with some supporting troops. This attack was beaten back with heavy losses. When asked to report his situation and if he needed help, Colonel Stack of Combat Command C radioed back: "Still pretty busy. Situation in hand. No answer to second question. Further details later." This was the last communication received from him, as German forces were in the process of encircling his unit as he spoke. He was captured and released from imprisonment after the war. Only 4 tanks made it back to Kern's crossroads.



The place where the Combat Command C was destroyed

For a more detailed account, check out:

http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-21.html

Offline RAnDOOm

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #1 on: 24-07-2012, 21:07:13 »
Very nice.

I allways like to read this WW2 history articles.

Offline pizzzaman

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #2 on: 24-07-2012, 21:07:28 »
I enjoyed this devblog!  :D
Will there be more covering more maps?

Well done on Sidi,
I guess the US counterattack is Supposed to fail.
« Last Edit: 24-07-2012, 21:07:46 by pizzzaman12 »
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Offline Matthew_Baker

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #3 on: 24-07-2012, 22:07:26 »
This is great, awesome devblog TS! :) One of the biggest reasons I play FH is knowing how historically accurate it is as a game, I love feeling as if I'm in the real battle defending Sidi Bou Zid while being surrounded by German forces and having to fall back. 8) I REALLY hope you'll be doing this for more FH2 maps, I love seeing the mapping process and the references you used.

It also might answer some of the questions that I don't want to make a new thread to ask; like what tank division do you guys have supporting the 352nd Infanterie in St. Lo (I thought the 352 only had Stug brigades) ;D

Hope there's more

Offline VonMudra

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #4 on: 24-07-2012, 23:07:48 »
For more history, the infantry that went in at Sidi Bou Zid and broke the american lines were actually Italian Bersaglieri.  FDR himself intervened and made sure it was reported as "german infantry", in order to keep any loss of morale from the news reporting american troops being beaten by italians.  Even Rommel, who generally held much disdain of the italians, praised the bersaglieri especially, who had spearheaded the attack, and whose colonel had been killed in the fighting.
« Last Edit: 24-07-2012, 23:07:31 by VonMudra »

Offline NTH

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #5 on: 24-07-2012, 23:07:41 »
Well done TS4ever. Pretty good read. Would love to read about more maps in this way.


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Offline THeTA0123

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #6 on: 24-07-2012, 23:07:23 »
For more history, the infantry that went in at Sidi Bou Zid and broke the american lines were actually Italian Bersaglieri.  FDR himself intervened and made sure it was reported as "german infantry", in order to keep any loss of morale from the news reporting american troops being beaten by italians.  Even Rommel, who generally held much disdain of the italians, praised the bersaglieri especially, who had spearheaded the attack, and whose colonel had been killed in the fighting.
The italians are the biggest underrated army of WW2.

So few know about these actions.

Another mostly forgotten action is the heroic defense of the ariete devision, who fought till the last man at el alamein


it always hurts me to hear when a unit gets send into combat, and is completly destroyed  :'( :'(
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Offline Thorondor123

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #7 on: 24-07-2012, 23:07:04 »
For more history, the infantry that went in at Sidi Bou Zid and broke the american lines were actually Italian Bersaglieri.  FDR himself intervened and made sure it was reported as "german infantry", in order to keep any loss of morale from the news reporting american troops being beaten by italians.  Even Rommel, who generally held much disdain of the italians, praised the bersaglieri especially, who had spearheaded the attack, and whose colonel had been killed in the fighting.
The italians are the biggest underrated army of WW2.

Right after the Poles and the French :P
Let mortal heroes sing your fame

Offline THeTA0123

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #8 on: 24-07-2012, 23:07:11 »
For more history, the infantry that went in at Sidi Bou Zid and broke the american lines were actually Italian Bersaglieri.  FDR himself intervened and made sure it was reported as "german infantry", in order to keep any loss of morale from the news reporting american troops being beaten by italians.  Even Rommel, who generally held much disdain of the italians, praised the bersaglieri especially, who had spearheaded the attack, and whose colonel had been killed in the fighting.
The italians are the biggest underrated army of WW2.

Right after the Poles and the French :P
and the belgians and dutch :(


I have found quite some german biased books wich gave alot of credit to the belgians and dutch and the poles

but the french and italians? NEIN NEIN NEIN
-i am fairly sure that if they took porn off the internet, there would only be one website left and it would be called bring back the porn "Perry cox, Scrubs.

Offline pizzzaman

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #9 on: 25-07-2012, 00:07:45 »
German bias,
German bias everywhere  ;D
You are bathing in misery and hope, waiting for someone to come and pull the plug.

Offline THeTA0123

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #10 on: 25-07-2012, 00:07:05 »
German bias,
German bias everywhere  ;D



Sidi Bou zid is nice but still a bit akward on balance, especialy when the germans have captured all the flags. Its like operation cobra but then opposite sides
-i am fairly sure that if they took porn off the internet, there would only be one website left and it would be called bring back the porn "Perry cox, Scrubs.

Offline pizzzaman

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #11 on: 25-07-2012, 00:07:35 »
It's beautiful THeTA!  ;D
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Offline Zoologic

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #12 on: 25-07-2012, 06:07:37 »
To this day, I have no clear picture about the progression of battle in North Africa, with the exception of early 1941 to the 2nd El Alamein and at the beginning of Supercharge.

I am simply not familiar with the maps of Tunisia and Algeria combat theatres. Where is Mareth Line? Where is Sidi Bou Zid. And after being beaten in Libya, where did Rommel draw his next fallback lines? Was it the Mareth Line? A simple big overall battle map of 1943 North Africa will be helpful to explain the whole idea of why each of those battles occurred. This picture by Wikipedia explains a little bit about the German gains at Sidi bou Zid and their progress at Kasserine:



It seems to me the Germans tried to pick the Americans first by attacking them before the British arrived. Is this a result of poor coordination between the US and British forces? Or simply because the Brits were busy resupplying themselves using the badly damaged Tripoli ports, and hence the delay of the push to Tunisia in time.

As we can see here, the Afrika Korps is pretty much pinned.



So far, this blog post enlighten me about the point of attacking the Americans at Sidi Bou Zid and the Americans' relatively clumsy performance due to inexperience in combat. But still doesn't explain why they are eventually defeated by the Americans. As they make quite a gain after this battle.

Offline Raziel

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #13 on: 25-07-2012, 07:07:35 »
Very interesting post TS! Thanks.

Offline Wilhelm

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Re: The history of Forgotten Hope 2: Sidi Bou Zid
« Reply #14 on: 25-07-2012, 07:07:03 »
An awesome Allied propaganda film from 1944 about the Tunisian campaign:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUNAEUU4WSQ